August Gardening

The last month of summer has arrived and it’s usually one of the hottest months of the year making watering essential. Try to use grey water wherever possible. If you are going on holiday then invest in a self-watering system so you don’t return to a disaster!
Top Tip:
Don’t throw away tired looking pots and hanging baskets. Simply pot them into larger pots or baskets. The extra fresh compost will encourage a new growth spurt, and the plants will receive more water and nutrients prolonging your display.
10-minute jobs:
•Take cuttings of tender perennials such as Pelargonium, Salvia and Osteospermum.
•Alpines that have developed bare patches of die-back, or have become weedy, can be tidied up by in-filling the patches with gritty compost. This will also encourage new growth.
•Prune summer flowering shrubs once the flowers have finished, eg Hebes, lavender and rosemary.
Feature on: Wildflowers
An important wildlife habitat, a wildflower meadow provides a valuable source of food and breeding opportunities for bees, butterflies and hoverflies. Fortunately, you don’t need a large area of land to create your own wildflower area – a small plot of land or even a large container is sufficient for growing a ‘mini meadow’
There are two key times for planting wildflower plants seeds, which are Spring (March to May) and Autumn (Mid-August to October). The key factors affecting Wildflower seeds are as follows;
• Temperature. Wildflowers a regular spell of consistent warmer weather (10°C or above)
• Frost. If planting in spring avoid late frosts which could kill the seedlings.
• Water. Like grass seed, wildflower meadows require moist soil to germinate.
• Depth of seed. It is particularly important that the seed is not buried too deep. Ideally it should be sown on the surface and lightly raked in.
Wildflowers can be perennials or annuals. Perennial wildflowers grow from the same plant year after year after year, such as Oxeye Daisies, yarrow and cowslips. Annual wildflowers are the ones that grow from seed, bloom and die all within the space of 12 months such as poppies and cornflowers. If the soil fertility is too high perennial wildflowers rarely flourish. Growing both, and allowing plants to set seed before cutting back in Autumn will have different results year after year. For the first few years its advisable to continue sewing annual wildflowers so that the seed bank increases in the soil. Yellow Rattle (Rhinanthus minor) is a semi-parasitic wildflower that weakens and suppresses the growth of coarse grasses, allowing other wildflowers to flourish.
A very easy method to create your own ‘mini-meadow’ is to use plug plants.
You will need:
• Modular tray or small pots.
• Sieved compost or seed compost
• A selection of suitable wildflower seeds
• A tray of water
Step One:
Fill a seed tray or modular tray with compost. Stand in a tray of water.

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Wretton PC Minutes May 2020

Present: Cllr David Llewellyn – Chairman,
Cllr Martyn Cann, Cllr Ian Mack.
Also present: County Councillor Martin Storey
1. Apologies for Absence accepted from:
Apologies received from Cllr Mick Peake, Cllr Mandy Peake, Cllr Paul Williams and Cllr
Peter Garnett.
Apologies also received from Borough Councillor Colin Sampson.
2. No declarations of Interest made
3. Chairman and Vice Chairman
It was agreed that David Llewellyn will remain as Chairman of Wretton Parish Council until
the parish council meeting in May 2021, with Mick Peake also remaining as Vice-Chairman.
4. Approval of Minutes:
The minutes of the meeting held on 02.03.2020 were accepted as a true record of the
meeting and will be signed at the next physical meeting of Wretton Parish Council.
5. Reports
5.1 Chairman’s Report
• Noted that bollards have been installed along Church Path to protect the verge.
• With the current lockdown due to the coronavirus pandemic no further work has
been undertaken to the Wretton Green ‘pond’ area.
• The village defibrillator has been called on but not actually used. Concern was raised
by those who returned the defibrillator that there is not enough light in the phone
box and Cllr Mack will check the defibrillator to ensure it has been replaced correctly.
Once the current coronavirus lockdown has ended Cllr Cann will check the lighting in
the box.
5.2 Clerk’s Report
• Written report submitted with agenda.
• Correspondence received continues to be shared with Councillors.
• End of year accounts will be passed to the Internal Auditor with the intention that
the accounts can be accepted and approved by the Council at the Parish Council
meeting on July 6th. The Council will also need to complete its Certificate of
Exemption from External Audit.
• It was noted that a car which had been parked on Wretton Green for some time has
been removed.
5.3 Risk Assessment Update
The play area the in village has been locked, as is the current government guideline, to
discourage use at this time.
6. Accounts were presented and accepted for payment.
Cheques for approval of payment
Clerk’s salary £118.44
Clerk’s Expenses (postage and storage boxes) £28.00
K & M Lighting Services x2 (streetlight maintenance) £38.64
Software annual 356 licence £59.99
CGM grass cutting (March) £234.00
Zurich annual insurance £406.48
E.ON (street lighting electric) £400.42
Finance – @ 31st March 2020:
Current Account £5289.89
Business Premium Account £3467.15
Councillors had been previously presented with a copy of the end of year accounts and
bank reconciliation for 31.03.2020.
7. Planning Applications:
7.1 20/00572/F Construction of a detached garage at The Bungalow Cromer Lane
Wretton King’s Lynn Norfolk PE33 9QX
Councillors felt this application was difficult to interpret and that the proposed building
looked to possibly be more than a garage. The planning case officer will be asked for more
8. Other Reports – for information only:
• Dog fouling remains an issue particularly at Lime House Drove and along the
footpath by the Cut. The Borough Councillor will be asked for advice.
• County Councillor Martin Storey was present at the meeting to give a verbal report.
He stressed that he prefers to attend meetings so he can give an up to date report
rather than submit a written report which can be out of date. This is especially so at
the present time and it was noted that the Parish Council does receive regular
updates from the Borough Council and Norfolk County Council. Information is also
available on the Councils websites.
• Potholes reported along Low Road. Noted that NCC Highways are working at the
present time but smaller highway issues may be on hold due to the current
Public Participation – No members of the public present
Chairman’s Signature……………………………………… Date……………

Wereham News August 2020


Next Meeting Date – Tuesday 8 September 2020 at 7.00 pm

Agenda items must be received before the end of the month prior to each meeting, items received after this time will not be possible to discuss. Please send to the Parish Clerk at [email protected] The Agendas for meetings are always published on the Wereham Village Notice Board three clear days before the meeting, and notified via the Wereham Parish Council Facebook Page and on the website You will also find minutes of all meetings here too. Please contact the Clerk should you wish to attend virtually once the agenda is public for joining instructions. The Council are meeting via Zoom virtually until further notice and in following guidance issued to it by authority bodies, invitation information and how to attend is placed on each meeting agenda.

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Ernest Lionel Hinde: Stoke Ferry’s Chemist & First Convicted Drug Dealer, by Jim McNeill

As a Member of the Pharmaceutical Society, Ernest Lionel Hinde MPS lived and ran his business on the High Street, Stoke Ferry in the first half of the 20th Century. His shop was quite large; carrstone faced with plate glass windows and his name ‘HINDE’ above the entrance doorway. Above this was a further, larger, now sadly lost, sign painted onto a bricked-in window which read; ‘HINDE CHEMIST, STATIONER and TOBACONIST’.

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The Very Beginning of Motoring

Karl Benz, a German engineer, is credited with producing the world’s first motor car driven by an internal combustion engine. With a partner he established an engineering works but struggled financially, partly due to his partner. His wife Bertha had some money and was able to buy out the partner and save the business. Benz had a dream of producing an automobile, he was a great inventor and obtained patents for a range of his inventions. He produced his first car in 1886, it had a water-cooled engine with electric ignition. He was not a good salesman or publicist and, surprisingly, his car failed to make a great impression. His wife believed in her husband and his car and was dismayed that the company was failing. Without Karl’s knowledge she took the car and with her two sons drove to visit her parents 50miles away. It was not an easy journey, she needed to refuel more than once, fuel was only available from drug stores, she had to get help from a shoemaker to repair the brakes and needed help from the boys pushing on more than one occasion, but her expedition was widely publicised and generated more interest in the car, with a resulting boost to the business.
That journey also led to improvements in the car, including a gearbox and improved brakes. In 1888 Benz was awarded the gold medal at the Munich Exhibition and it is reported that he drove his car 200miles to receive it, which, if true, was amazing.
Gottlieb Daimler, another German engineer at that time, had been working on internal combustion engines. He was primarily interested in engines, not cars specifically, he saw a range of applications, especially for launches, but his company did produce a car soon after Benz. I believe his car was guaranteed for 100miles!
Daimler went on to improve his car, he employed an assistant, Maybach, who was also an inventor. Maybach invented the float carburettor (but later discovered that it had already been invented by an Englishman, Edward Butler, who had built a petrol driven bicycle in 1887). Daimler and Benz were the only car manufacturers in Germany.
The public in Germany and in the UK were not enthusiastic. People were frightened of benzene, the only fuel available, they were aware of how easily it ignited, roads were mostly not surfaced, the arrival of the railways half a century before had meant that road maintenance had been neglected with the result that they were often muddy or with deep ruts and the odd large stone. The gentry were in love with their horses, the German Kaiser had stated that automobiles were unpatriotic.
The French, on the other hand, were more welcoming, with the result that they were soon leading the development of the motor car. Peugeot was a French car, Panhard and Lavassor were building cars with Daimler engines
In the UK, as the threat of motor cars grew, Parliament introduce the Locomotive and Horseless Carriage Act, requiring cars to be preceded by a pedestrian carrying a red flag. There was considerable hostility towards cars in the country at large and that, with the red flag act, deterred potential customers. The ‘red flag Law’ law was revoked after a few years.
There were those in the UK with greater vision. In 1893 a Daimler Motor Syndicate was formed in the UK with a man by the name of Simms as MD, primarily for manufacture of marine engines. They established their business in West London in Putney Bridge Road and entered into a deal with Panhard-Lavassor to import their cars with Daimler engines. The first car the Syndicate sold was a Panhard-Lavassor with a Daimler engine in 1896. It was shipped to Southampton and driven from there to Datchet and then on to Malvern. This was the first long journey made by a car in England. It was a sensation, whole villages turned out to see it. It completed the journey with an average speed of 9.8mph, the maximum speed was 20mph. Mr Simms gave the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) a ride, it is said that the Prince was frightened by the speed and asked Simms to slow down. The owner of the car, the Hon. Mr Ellis, stored the car in a stable. He is credited with inventing the word ‘garage’.
The requirement for the red-flag-pedestrian was dropped in 1896, but by this time the French were well ahead with the development of the motor car and were running a Paris to Marseilles race. The first three cars in the race were Panhards, the first five cars all had British patents. A Mr Lawson donated a prize for the winner an ’Objet d’Art’, in the form of a goddess in a motor chariot. The medal awarded to today’s participants in the London to Brighton still bears the image of Lawson’s goddess in a motor chariot.
Mr Lawson, then purchased the syndicate and established the Daimler Motor Co, with Simms as consulting engineer, they purchased all the Daimler British Patents and the right to use the Daimler name, Gottlieb Daimler then joined the company. In 1896 Simms was appointed a director of the German company ’Daimler Motoren Gesselschaft’.
Lawson then established the ‘Great Horseless Carriage Co and Daimler’ in Coventry. They obtained Daimler drawings from Germany, as part of the agreement they had made, these were all metric. (I think Daimler in UK persisted with the metric system?).
The inaugural run of the London to Brighton race took place in 1896. Lawson entered a German Daimler, there were 22 entrants. A newspaper report after the event read, “We are on the Eve of one of our greatest epochs ……. Saturdays London -Brighton test has proved that we may travel much faster, much easier and at less cost. A four in hand makes five changes and employs twenty horses to do what a little motor car can accomplish.”
Gottlieb Daimler resigned from the board of the German company and Simms resigned at the same time, later Gottlieb resigned from the board of the British company – he died in 1900. The British Daimler company became totally separate from the Germans. Benz joined up with Daimler company in Germany to form Daimler-Benz, (later Mercedes Benz).
The first British built Daimler was produced in 1897, they went on to design their own engines, by this time other British manufacturers were producing cars and French cars were being sold in Britain. The explosion in motor production in Britain had begun. In 1900 there were no petrol driven taxis in London, by 1910 there were hardly any horse cabs.